#HealthGuide: Ringworm and what to do!

by:

G-Writes

Ringworm is one of the most common infections, especially on kids and it get parents so worried. Is your child experiencing or has experienced ringworm or you simply want to prevent your child from the infection? Read on to know more about ringworm, it’s treatment and prevention.

Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis, dermatophyte infection, or tinea, is a fungal infection of the skin. “Ringworm” is a misnomer, since a fungus, not a worm, causes the infection. The lesion caused by this infection resembles a worm in the shape of a ring — hence the name.

Ringworm have different types, depending on which part of the body is affected. These includes;

•Body and groin: it begins as a ring-shaped, flat rash. Gradually the ring becomes larger and raised, with the inside of the ring clearing. Ringworm on the skin or groin usually appears four to 10 days after contact with an infected person, pet or surface.

•Scalp: ringworm starts as a small pimple that grows larger and creates patches of dry, bald skin. The hair can become brittle and break off. Sometimes yellowish, crusty areas develop. This form of ringworm is most common in children. Scalp ringworm usually appears 10 to 14 days after contact with an infected person, pet or surface.

•Fingernails: if the nail bed becomes infected, it can become thick, brittle and discoloured.

•Feet: ringworm causes dry, cracked skin, most often between the toes. It can be quite itchy. It often does not have the usual ring-like appearance.
Incidence of ringworm

How do I get infected with ringworm?

Ringworm can be gotten through the following ways; •From human to human, •from inanimate objects ti human and •from animals to human;

Ringworm can be gotten from Human to human through:
• Wet skin for a long time (such as from sweating)
•Minor skin and nail injuries
•Do not bathe or wash your hair often
•Having close contact with other people (such as in sports like wrestling)


And through inanimate objects by:
• Touching items that have the fungi on them, such as:
Clothing
Combs
Pool surfaces
Shower floors and walls.


And from pets to human:
•Through playing with pets
•Coming in contact with an infected pet.

How do I treat ringworm?

Most cases of ringworm requires keeping the skin dry and moist and usage of Antifungal creams that contain clotrimazole or ketonazole.
To use the Antifungal cream:
•Wash and dry the area first.
•Apply the cream, beginning just outside the area of the rash and moving toward the center. Be sure to wash and dry your hands afterward.
•Use the cream twice a day for 7 to 10 days.
•Do not use a bandage over ringworm.
•Griseofulvin: Oral griseofulvin is usually given at a dose of 10 mg/kg for six to eight weeks. However, T tonsurans seems resistant in some cases, and longer treatment may be required at doses of up to 20-25 mg/kg

To treat ringworm of the scalp
•The doctor will prescribe medicine to be then by mouth such as griseofulvin to treat ringworm on the scalp. to be taken for 4 to 8 weeks.
•Keeping your scalp clean.
•Washing with a medicated shampoo, such as one that contains ketoconazole or selenium sulfide. Shampooing may slow or stop the spread of infection, but it does not get rid of ringworm.
•Other family members and pets should be examined and treated, if necessary.
•Other children in the home may want to use the shampoo 2 to 3 times a week for about 6 weeks.
•Adults only need to wash with the shampoo if they have signs of tinea capitis or ringworm.


Once the shampoo has been started:
•Wash towels in hot, soapy water and dry them using the hottest heat as recommended on the care label. This should be done each time the towels are used by someone who is infected.
•Soak combs and brushes for 1 hour a day in a mixture of 1 part bleach to 10 parts water. Do this for 3 days in a row.
A child can start schooling again once the treatment starts.

How do I prevent ringworm?

•Don’t share clothing, sports gear, towels, or sheets.
•Wear slippers in locker rooms and public pool & bathing areas.
•Shower after any sport that includes skin-to-skin contact.
•Wear loose-fitting cotton clothing. Change socks and underwear at least once a day.
•Keep skin clean and dry. Dry the body completely after showering.
•If infected with athlete’s foot, puting socks on before your underwear to prevent spreading to the groin.
•Taking pet to the vet if it has patches of missing hair, which could be a sign of a fungal infection.

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