Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis, whether caused by a health problem or by too much stress. Depending on the type of sleep disorder, people may have a difficult time falling asleep and may feel extremely tired throughout the day. The lack of sleep can have a negative impact on energy, mood, concentration, and overall health.
In some cases, sleep disorders can be a symptom of another medical or mental health condition. These sleeping problems may eventually go away once treatment is obtained for the underlying cause. When sleep disorders aren’t caused by another condition, treatment normally involves a combination of medical treatments and lifestyle changes
Types Of Sleep Disorders
Insomnia refers to the inability to fall asleep or to remain asleep. It can be caused by jet lag, stress and anxiety, hormones, or digestive problems. It may also be a symptom of another condition. Insomnia can be very problematic for your overall health and quality of life, potentially causing:
impaired work or school performance.
Parasomnias are a class of sleep disorders that cause abnormal movements and behaviors during sleep.
- sleep talking
- groaning nightmares
- teeth grinding or jaw clenching
• Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. This is a serious medical condition that causes the body to take in less oxygen. It can also cause you to wake up during the night.
Narcolepsy is characterized by “sleep attacks” that occur during the day. This means that you will suddenly feel extremely tired and fall asleep without warning. The disorder can also cause sleep paralysis, which may make you physically unable to move right after waking up. Although narcolepsy may occur on its own, it is also associated with certain neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis.
• Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is an overwhelming need to move the legs. This urge is sometimes accompanied by a tingling sensation in the legs. While these symptoms can occur during the day, they are most prevalent at night. RLS is often associated with certain health conditions, including ADHD and Parkinson’s disease, but the exact cause isn’t always known.
Symptoms of Sleep Disorders
Symptom varies depending on the type of sleep disorder, however, general symptoms of sleep disorders include:
*difficulty falling or staying asleep
*strong urge to take naps during the day
*irritability or anxiety
*lack of concentration
Causes Of Sleep Disorders
Allergies and Respiratory Problems
Allergies, colds, and upper respiratory infections can make it challenging to breathe at night. The inability to breathe through your nose can also cause sleeping difficulties.
Nocturia, or frequent urination, may disrupt your sleep by causing you to wake up during the night. Hormonal imbalances and diseases of the urinary tract may contribute to the development of this condition. (Be sure to call your doctor right away if frequent urination is accompanied by bleeding or pain.)
Constant pain can make it difficult to fall asleep. It might even wake you up after you fall asleep.
Stress and Anxiety
Stress and anxiety often have a negative impact on sleep quality. It can be difficult for you to fall asleep or to stay asleep. Nightmares, sleep talking, or sleepwalking may also disrupt your sleep.
How’s Sleep Disorder Diagnosed?
;History: individual’s history of Sleep disturbances, insomnia or any of the above type of sleep disorder will aid in the diagnosis of sleep disorder.
Polysomnography: a sleep study that evaluates oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves to determine how they disrupt sleep
Electroencephalogram: a test that assesses electrical activity in the brain and detects any potential problems associated with this activity
Genetic blood testing: a blood test commonly used to diagnose narcolepsy and other underlying health conditions that might be causing sleeping problems.
How Can Sleep Disorders Be Treated?
Treatment of sleep disorders depend on the type and the causes, but it generally includes the medical treatment and lifestyle changes.
- Medical treatment for sleep disturbances might include any of the following:
- treating the underlying medical condition
- sleeping pills
- melatonin supplements
- allergy or cold medication
- breathing device or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)
- A dental guard (usually for teeth grinding)
Adjustment in sleeping habits and sleeping time
Incorporating more vegetables and fish into your diet, and reducing sugar intake
Reducing stress and anxiety by exercising
Creating and sticking to a regular sleeping schedule
Drinking less water before bedtime
limiting your caffeine intake, especially in the late afternoon or evening
Decreasing tobacco and alcohol use
Eating low carbohydrate meals before bedtime