Hey there, what do you know about Hypertension?
Hypertension or High blood pressure is one of the most common health issues in the country and world generally. Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe health complications and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death.
Blood pressure is the force which a person’s blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work.
Hypertension is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including stroke , heart attack , heart failure , and aneurysm . Keeping blood pressure under control is vital for preserving health and reducing the risk of these dangerous conditions.
Hypertension results from a complex interaction of genes and environmental factors. Numerous common genetic variants with small effects on blood pressure have been identified.
Events in early life, such as low birth weight ,maternal smoking , and lack of breastfeeding may be risk factors for adult essential hypertension.
Signs and symptoms of hypertension includes; headache, (especially occipital “back of the head”), vertigo, tintinus, lightheadedness, altered vision or fainting episodes.
Look at ways in which we can maintain and prevent hypertension.
1. Managing body weight
Excess body weight can contribute to hypertension. As excessive body weight would exert more pressure on the heart, forcing it to pump more blood which in turn increases blood pressure. So a fall in blood pressure follows reduction in body weight.
2. Eating more fruit and vegetables and less fatty foods
People who have high blood pressure or people at high risk of developing high blood pressure should eat as little saturated and total fat as possible.
3. Lifestyle – Certain lifestyles such as sedentary lifestyle can lead to increase risk for hypertension. People should avoid consuming alcohol, recreational drugs, tobacco, and junk food to cope with stress, as these can contribute to elevated blood pressure and the complications of hypertension. Smoking can increase blood pressure. Avoiding or quitting smoking reduces the risk of hypertension, serious heart conditions, and other health issue
4. Target blood pressure. – Targeting blood pressure can help to keep tab on the blood pressure and take immediate actions should hypertension be noticed.
5. Stress reduction – Avoiding or learning to manage stress can help a person control blood pressure.Meditation, warm baths, yoga , and simply going on long walks are relaxation techniques that can help relieve stress.
6. Reducing salt intake – People’s average salt intake is between 9 grams (g) and 12 g per day in most countries around the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommend reducing intake to under 5 g a day to help decrease the risk of hypertension and related health problems.
7. Medications – Several classes of medications, collectively referred to as antihypertensive medications , are available for treating hypertension.
Thank you for stopping by for some Health Guide with – Oyebisi Oyelami
IG – @queenitee
See you next time.