WHAT SHOULD I KNOW ABOUT FEMINISM (THE GIST OF FEMINISM)
THE feminist movement has made a huge impact on the Western world and it has evolved the social status of women in the developed as well as developing countries to a very large extent.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes. This includes seeking to establish educational and professional opportunities for women that are equal to those for men.
Feminst movements have campaigned and continue to campaign for women’s rights, including the right to vote, to hold public office, to work, to earn fair wages or equal pay, to own property, to receive education, to enter contracts, to have equal rights within marriage, and to have maternity leave.
Feminsts have also worked to ensure access to legal abortions and social integration, and to protect women and girls from rape, sexual harassment, and domestic violence.
Changes in dress and acceptable physical activity have often been part of feminist movements.
FIRST-WAVE FEMINISM was a period of activity during the 19th century and early twentieth century. In the UK and eventually the US, it focused on the promotion of equal contract, marriage, parenting, and property rights for women.
SECOND-WAVE FEMINISM is largely concerned with issues of equality beyond suffrage, such as ending gender discrimination.
SECOND-WAVE FEMINISTS see women’s cultural and political inequalities as inextricably linked and encourage women to understand aspects of their personal lives as deeply politicized and as reflecting sexist power structures. In the early 1990s in the USA.
THIRD WAVE FEMINISM began as a response to perceived failures of the second wave and to the backlash against initiatives and movements created by the second wave.
THIRD-WAVE FEMINISM distinguished itself from the SECOND WAVE around issues of sexuality, challenging female heterosexuality and celebrating sexuality as a means of female empowerment.
The term Post-Feminsn is used to describe a range of viewpoints reacting to feminism since the 1980s. While not being “anti-feminist”, post-feminists believe that women have achieved second wave goals while being critical of third wave feminist goals.
HERE ARE THR DIFFERENT KINDS OF FEMINISM:
Over the years;different ideologies and theories of feminism have been explored by different perspectives and they have been summarized as follows:
●LIBERAL feminism seeks individualistic equality of men and women through political and legal reform without altering the structure of society. Catherine Rottenberg has argued that the neoliberal shirt in Liberal feminism has led to that form of feminism being individualized rather than collectivized and becoming detached from social inequality.
●RADICAL lfeminism considers the male-controlled capitalist hierarchy as the defining feature of women’s oppression and the total uprooting and reconstruction of society as necessary. ●CONSERVATIVE feminism is conservative relative to the society in which it resides. ●LIBERTARIAN feminism conceives of people as self-owners and therefore as entitled to freedom from coercive interference. ●SEPARATIST feminism does not support heterosexual relationships. ●LESBIAN feminism is thus closely related. Other feminists criticize separatist feminism as sexist.●ECOFEMINISTS see men’s control of land as responsible for the oppression of women and destruction of the natural environment; ecofeminism has been criticized for focusing too much on a mystical connection between women and nature.
SOME QUOTES THAT’LL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE GIST OF FEMINISM
Feminism is not a dirty word. It doesn’t mean you hate men, it doesn’t mean you hate girls with nice legs and a tan,and it doesn’t mean you’re a bitch,it means that you believe in equality.
Feminism isn’t about making women stronger,women are already strong,it’s about changing the way the world perceives that strength.
Here’s to strong women,may we know them, may we be them, may we raise them. •Unknown.
FEMINISTS OF THE LATE 18TH CENTURY/ EARLY 19TH CENTURY:
After selling her home, EMMELINE PANKHURST, pictured in New York City in 1913, travelled constantly, giving speeches throughout Britain and the United States.
In the Netherlands, WILHEMINER DRUCKER (1847–1925) fought successfully for the vote and equal rights for women through political and feminist organizations she founded.
SIMONE VEIL (1927–2017), former French Minister of Health (1974–79). She made easier access to contraceptive pills and legalized abortion (1974–75) – which was her greatest and hardest achievement.
LOUISE WEISS along with other Parisian suffragettes in 1935. The newspaper headline reads “The Frenchwoman Must Vote.”